Thursday, September 6, 2012

Hawaiian hibiscus

 The yellow hibiscus, also called pua aloalo or ma'o hau hele by Hawaiians, is the official flower of Hawaii. While each individual island of Hawaii has its own official flower, the yellow hibiscus is the officially adopted flower of the state of Hawaii. The flower belongs to the brackenridgei species, and is also known as Brackenridge's rosemallow. This tropical yellow flower is said by locals to represent the natural beauty of the Hawaiian islands.


  • The yellow hibiscus is classified as a shrub measuring 6 to 10 feet tall or a small tree between 15 to 30 feet tall. It lives more than five years and spreads approximately 8 feet. In landscaping, the yellow hibiscus is used for hedges and screening and is sometimes planted in a container. It is one of the species of hibiscus with a thicker truck, making it more tree than shrub-like.

Flower and Leaves

  • The flower of the plant is bright yellow with a red center. It blooms primarily in the winter and spring between the months of February to May. It may also bloom sporadically throughout the year. The leaves are medium in size with a rough texture and can be dark green to gray in color.

Growing Requirements

  • The hibiscus is a dry flower relying primarily on warmth to flourish. It requires direct sunlight. If it becomes too heavy at the top, it has a greater chance of falling over so it should be pruned frequently, although not when it is flowering. Wind also poses a toppling risk. It is resilient to drought and extreme heat, surviving in conditions with 0 to 50 inches of rain.


  • The natural range of the yellow hibiscus is in Oahu. It may be found from 150 to 1,000 feet in elevation in a terrestrial environment. People primarily use it as a decorative or ornamental plant.

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